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Case #377

Nonviolent Popular Resistance to Coup - Russia


In August 1991 a group of hard-line communists carried out a coup d'etat in Moscow.
Instead of following the junta's orders, many people disobeyed them. They posted leaflets, held rallies and small demonstrations, built barricades, and formed human chains across roads to stop army tanks. Journalists openly challenged the junta and banned newspapers got out the news by fax to activists. The junta was denied the popular acquiescence it needed, and within days the coup collapsed.


Leaders Gorbachev and Yeltsin refused to recognize the coup and persuaded army soldiers to disobey the junta's orders. Ordinary people rallied to preserve the new political and economic reforms through civil disobedience and nonviolent direct actions.
Location: Russia
Action: Direct
Setting: Semi-Developed
Extent of Action: National
Issues: Peace/Conflict Resolution
Year(s): 1991
Outcome successful
Source: xx


Prepared By: bw, 3/02
Rating: 1
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